На протяжении ряда лет события вокруг переноса памятника матросам с броненосца «Князь Потемкин-Таврический» и воздвижения монумента Екатерине II играли важную роль в информационном пространстве Одессы. Но данная площадь интересна не только политическими и идеологическими коллизиями по поводу памятника российской императрице, но и, собственно, историей самого места.

От начала города и до конца XIX века

Екатерининская площадь не раз меняла названия, она так или иначе связана с историей Одессы с 1794 года. В декабре 1794 года здесь была заложена адмиралтейская церковь Святой Екатерины. Через два года херсонский именитый гражданин Дофине заключил договор, по которому обязался закончить церковь к августу 1797 года. После смерти императрицы строительство было приостановлено, а сама площадь была занята казармами, госпиталем и, собственно, недостроенным зданием церкви, которое разобрали с согласия духовенства в 1821 году.

В 1830—1840-е годы площадь носила название Елисаветинской в честь жены графа Воронцова Елизаветы Ксаверьевны. В 1856—1860 годы площадь называлась Дюковской и одновременно Екатерининской, что подтверждается рядом источников.

vid-ploshhadi-do-1900-goda

В 1867 году площадь существенно преобразили: установили фонтан — искусственную скалу с бронзовой фигуркой девушки. В 1900 году, когда на площади появился памятник Екатерине II, бронзовую фигуру перенесли в Пале-Рояль, где он стоит до сих пор.

Памятник «Одесса-порт»

В честь столетия со дня основания города, в 1894 году, был проведен конкурс на строительство памятника в честь основательницы города. 1794 год, как дата основания Одессы, вызывает дискуссии среди историков, однако мы не будем заострять внимание на этом моменте, ограничиваясь констатацией плюрализма мнений по данному вопросу.

После конкурса был проведен отбор представленных проектов. Победителем стал проект архитектора Юрия Дмитренко (соавторы — скульпторы М. Попов, Б. Эдуардс и Л. Манциони). Монумент «Одесса-порт» должен был состоять из широкого круглого пьедестала, основание которого с двумя полукруглыми подъемами из ступенек по мнению авторов проекта напоминало портовую набережную. Помимо императрицы Екатерины II, которая держала указ об основании Одессы, в скульптурной композиции присутствовали князь Потемкин, граф Зубов, военачальники и администраторы Де-Волан и Де-Рибас.

Закладка памятника была одним из самых ярких эпизодов церемонии празднования столетия города в 1894 году. В мероприятии приняли участие городской голова Григорий Маразли, должностные лица и церковные иерархи.

vid-ploshhadi-v-1900-1910-e-gg-1

Открытие памятника, строительство которого обошлось в довольно крупную сумму (50 000 рублей), состоялось 6 мая 1900 года. Ритуал открытия памятника был похож на ритуал его закладки. Он включал в себя военный парад, участие церковных иерархов, государственных служащих, в том числе и помощника министра внутренних дел князя Оболенского. После открытия памятника были устроены массовые гулянья, задействованы инновационные средства передачи информации (демонстрация «туманных картинок» — слайдов).

vid-ploshhadi-v-1900-1910-e-gg-1

Как свидетельствует путеводитель по Одессе (1915 г.), сама площадь и памятник содержались в образцовой чистоте и порядке.

vid-ploshhadi-v-1900-1910-e-gg-3

Бурные годы революции: смена парадигмы и снос памятника

Нерушимым памятник простоял около 17 лет. Уже в марте 1917 года он, как символ царизма, был задрапирован тканью, а возле него проходили многолюдные митинги с антиимперскими лозунгами.

Вот как его описывает живший в Одессе в 1919 году писатель Иван Бунин в своих дневниках «Окаянные дни»: «Перед вечером был на Екатерининской площади. Мрачно, мокро, памятник Екатерине с головы до ног закутан, забинтован грязными, мокрыми тряпками, увит веревками и залеплен красными деревянными звездами. А против памятника чрезвычайка (Чрезвычайная комиссия по борьбе с контрреволюцией и саботажем, существовала в 1918—1922 гг. — Ред.), в мокром асфальте жидкой кровью текут отражения от красных флагов, обвисших от дождя и особенно паскудных».

period-1917-1919-gg

Если в бурные годы гражданской войны памятник был сохранен, то практически сразу после окончательного вступления Красной армии в Одессу монумент Екатерине был демонтирован. Причем тоже символично — к первому мая, одному из основных праздников «красного» календаря. Как писала газета «Первомайский субботник», «на Екатерининской площади кипит работа по снятию памятника Екатерине II, которая должна быть окончена сегодня к вечеру. Памятник будет сегодня же вечером свезен в музей».

Существуют архивные данные от 1929 года, где поднимается вопрос об уничтожении фигур Екатерины II и ее сподвижников, но, по выводам специальной комиссии, «металл с памятника Екатерины II невозможно утилизировать в связи с историческим и художественным значением». И до сих пор, часть оригинальной фигуры Екатерины II экспонируется во внутреннем дворике Одесского историко-краеведческого музея.

От Екатерины II к Карлу Марксу

Итак, место было символически обезглавлено. Некоторое время на площади оставалась только одна колонна. Уже 30 апреля 1920 года постановлением Одесского городского исполнительного комитета Екатерининскую площадь и улицу переименовывают в площадь и улицу Карла Маркса. Вскоре на пустующую «екатерининскую» колонну была установлена герма (голова) Карла Маркса. Это произошло в годовщину окончательного утверждения большевиков в Одессе, 7 февраля 1921 года.

otkrytie-pamyatnika-marksu-1920-g

До 1938 года на площади сменилось до шести временных памятников Марксу. Последний в результате изрядной парусности был сметен сильным ветром в непогоду и не подлежал восстановлению.

vid-na-ploshhad-1930-e-gg

Существуют иллюстрации начала 1930-х годов, на которых на колонне присутствует лишь серп и молот. В целом, заключение комиссии городского совета было следующим: фундамент памятника снести, а на месте обустроить небольшой сквер. Несмотря на это, в конце 1930-х годов проходили конкурсы проектов на новый памятнику Карлу Марксу. В конечном счете победивший проект был опубликован в журнале «Архітектура Радянської України» в 1940 году, но никаких работ по установке памятника не велось ни в 1940, ни в первой половине 1941 года.

proekt-pamyatnika-marksu-1920-e-gg

Несмотря на невысокую художественную ценность памятника Марксу, в путеводителе по Одессе (1926 г.) он указан среди девяти существующих памятников в разделе «Достопримечательности Одессы». Но уже через семь лет, в путеводителе за 1933 год, отсутствует ссылка на памятник Марксу, при наличии краткого описания других достопримечательностей центра Одессы.

В конце концов, незадолго до начала войны, на площади Карла Маркса был для съемок фильма установлен временный монумент польскому поэту Адаму Мицкевичу.

А во время румынской оккупации площадь была вновь переименована. Борьба идеологий продолжалась, 19 ноября 1941 года вместо Карла Маркса площадь стала носить имя Адольфа Гитлера. О памятнике Гитлеру ходят смутные легенды, правда, за отсутствием должного документального материала, их подкрепить нечем.

posle-osvobozhdeniya-odessy-vesna-1944-g

Новый символ — революционные матросы

В 1965 году на волне официальной кампании по увековечиванию памяти революции 1905—1907 годов в Одессе был открыт памятник матросам с броненосца «Князь Потемкин-Таврический». Проекты создания подобного памятника впервые обсуждались еще в 1958 году, позже на закрытом конкурсе был выбран проект.

События 1905 года на новейшем военном корабле Российской империи, названные Лениным «непобедимой территорией революции», стали предметом для выстраивания «правильной» версии восстания на броненосце. Большую роль в конструировании мифа о броненосце сыграл фильм «Броненосец Потемкин» (1925), снятый Сергеем Эйзенштейном.

Открывали памятник партийные работники. Торжественный митинг открыл первый секретарь Одесского областного комитета компартии М. С. Синица.

nachalo-2000-x-gg

Что символизировал памятник «потемкинцам»? Официальная расшифровка массивного монумента, отлитого из бронзы на ленинградском заводе художественного литья, была такова: «оригинально скомпонованная групповая композиция и каждая фигура в частности передают высокий порыв восставших, всю непобедимую силу народа, который поднялся на борьбу за счастье». Одесситы окрестили его «памятником копейке». Это символизировало не только иронию по поводу интерпретации скульптурной композиции, где один из матросов присматривался к тому месту, куда показывал другой матрос, но и неприятие этого символа в качестве революционного.

Старый памятник с новым содержанием

Возрождение государственности, бурные с экономической и политической точки зрения 1990-е годы обходили строной памятник «потемкинцам». В 1995 году на волне восстановления старых названий улиц, площадь Потемкинцев, как она называлась с октября 1965 года, вновь стала Екатерининской. Однако сам памятник оставался на прежнем месте.

И вот в 2007 году по инициативе Эдуарда Гурвица одесский предприниматель Руслан Тарпан реконструировал Екатерининскую площадь. Памятник «потемкинцам» был перенесен на Польский спуск, ближе к месту, где в 1905 году прощались с телом убитого предводителя революционных матросов Григория Вакуленчука. Воздвижение памятника Екатерине II на месте памятника «потемкинцам» вызвало бурные дискуссии в пределах Одессы между различными противоборствующими силами.

Официальная позиция городской власти была выражена в концепте «восстановления исторического облика Екатерининской площади», закрепленного постановлением Одесского городского исполнительного комитета №205 от 2 июня 1995 года и решением Одесского городского совета №1401-V от 4 июля 2007 года.

Участие общественных организаций и различных политических сил в демонтаже памятника «потемкинцам» и восстановлении памятника Екатерине II было вызвано различными причинами. Интересно, что против переноса памятника «потемкинцам» выступали как украинские националисты, так и прокоммунистические силы, а тогдашний мэр города, который санкционировал восстановление памятника Екатерине, на то время был приверженцем политической партии «Наша Украина» экс-президента Виктора Ющенко, который выступал резко против памятника императрице, при которой уничтожили Запорожскую Сечь.

pamyatnik-ekaterine-2013-g

В преддверии открытия в местных СМИ развернулась активная борьба между противниками и сторонниками восстановления памятника Екатерине II. По обе стороны баррикад оказались профессиональные историки, занимающие диаметрально противоположные точки зрения. Их аргументация поддерживалась вовлеченными в «битву за память» СМИ, подконтрольными тем или иным политическим силам. В итоге 27 октября 2007 года памятник Екатерине II был открыт. Момент открытия был омрачен потасовкой сторонников и противников воздвижения монумента, в результате которой несколько человек пострадали, некоторые были задержаны милицией.

Наши дни

После открытия памятник Екатерине II стал круглосуточно охраняться подразделением милиции. Несмотря на системы видеонаблюдения и патрулирование площади сотрудниками правоохранительных органов, 30 января 2010 года памятник был облит красной краской. Акция сопровождалась рассылкой электронных писем о том, что на месте этого памятника должен стоять памятник Степану Бандере. Националисты и пророссийские общественные организации взаимно обвинили друг друга в провокации, но никто так и не понес ответственность.

Со временем накал общественных дебатов вокруг памятника значительно спал. Его продолжали использовать пророссийские и маргинальные просоветские и проимперские политические силы (партия Сталина, объединение «Евреи против Гурвица», монархисты и др.) для нечастых и немногочисленных демонстраций.

pamyatnik-ekaterine-2015-g

Но основное наполнение памятника в последние годы — туристическое. Он является обязательной остановкой экскурсионных маршрутов. Вокруг него активно фотографируются, его часто используют в качестве бренда Одессы, наравне с Потемкинской лестницей, памятником дюку де Ришелье, Оперным театром.

Станислав Кинка


...

259 КОММЕНТАРИИ

  1. I simply want to tell you that I'm very new to weblog and definitely savored your web page. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your website . You actually have awesome writings. Many thanks for sharing with us your website.

  2. Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites? I have a blog centered on the same topics you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would appreciate your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

  3. All absolutely free clipart is created by an identical designer. Nowadays you know the best place to locate totally free clipart, you can save a good deal of Googling! AAA Clipart is a superb site on account of the substantial selection of completely free clipart images available there.

  4. Hi folks here, just turned out to be familiar with your blog site through Bing and yahoo, and have found that it is quite interesting. I will be grateful for in the event you keep up these.

  5. I simply intend to inform you that I am new to wordpress blogging and pretty much liked your website. Likely I am likely to remember your blog post . You seriously have memorable article content. Like it for discussing with us your very own web information

  6. Good website! I really love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  7. I merely want to share it with you that I am new to wordpress blogging and absolutely admired your write-up. Most likely I am prone to store your blog post . You seriously have wonderful article materials. Like it for sharing with us your favorite site report

  8. I was just seeking this info for a while. After six hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your website. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this kind of informative sites in top of the list. Normally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  9. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  10. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  11. you're in reality a excellent webmaster. The site loading speed is amazing. It kind of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a excellent task on this topic!

  12. Just want to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your post is just great and i could assume you're an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  13. I just have to reveal to you that I am new to blogging and completely liked your page. Most likely I am inclined to bookmark your blog post . You literally have fantastic article material. Admire it for discussing with us your favorite internet article

  14. I like what you guys are up too. Such smart work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it'll improve the value of my site 🙂

  15. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  16. obviously like your web-site however you need to test the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I to find it very troublesome to inform the reality then again I will certainly come again again.

  17. Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  18. I simply wish to advise you that I am new to putting up a blog and absolutely liked your webpage. Probably I am probably to bookmark your blog post . You literally have amazing article materials. Truly Appreciate it for sharing with us the best internet site webpage

  19. It's right opportunity to create some schedules for the future. I've digested this blog entry and if I may possibly, I wish to suggest to you you very few enlightening instruction.

  20. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I'm looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  21. I like this post, enjoyed this one appreciate it for putting up. «The reward for conformity was that everyone liked you except yourself.» by Rita Mae Brown.

  22. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue with your website in web explorer, may test this… IE still is the marketplace leader and a good component to folks will pass over your great writing because of this problem.

  23. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

  24. I think other website proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and excellent user friendly style and design, as well as the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  25. You can certainly see your skills in the work you write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. All the time follow your heart.

  26. I'm very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that's at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  27. I not to mention my buddies came viewing the good tips located on your web page then unexpectedly I had an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to the site owner for those strategies. All of the young boys appeared to be certainly happy to learn all of them and have certainly been taking advantage of those things. Thank you for actually being indeed helpful and then for considering this form of fabulous guides most people are really needing to be informed on. My personal sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  28. I merely have to reveal to you that I am new to putting up a blog and very much admired your report. Quite possibly I am most likely to save your blog post . You absolutely have excellent article materials. Be Grateful For it for sharing with us the best website page

  29. Thank you, I have recently been searching for info about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I've found out till now. However, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive about the source?

  30. Heya there, just became alert to your blog site through Search engines like google, and found that it's genuinely beneficial. I’ll value should you decide continue on this idea.

  31. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people consider worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  32. Its great as your other content : D, thanks for posting . «To be able to look back upon ones life in satisfaction, is to live twice.» by Kahlil Gibran.

  33. Someone essentially help to make critically posts I'd state. That is the first time I frequented your web page and so far? I surprised with the research you made to make this particular post incredible. Magnificent task!

  34. I am now not sure where you're getting your information, however great topic. I needs to spend a while studying more or working out more. Thanks for wonderful info I was searching for this information for my mission.

  35. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I'm very glad to see such great info being shared freely out there.

  36. I have to express appreciation to you just for bailing me out of this particular condition. Right after researching throughout the internet and obtaining views that were not beneficial, I assumed my entire life was done. Existing without the solutions to the issues you've solved by way of your entire guideline is a serious case, as well as those that might have adversely damaged my career if I had not discovered the website. Your main talents and kindness in maneuvering all the things was very useful. I don't know what I would have done if I had not come upon such a thing like this. I can at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks for your time so much for the professional and result oriented guide. I will not hesitate to suggest the blog to anyone who wants and needs counselling about this topic.

  37. hi!,I love your writing very a lot! share we communicate more about your article on AOL? I need a specialist on this house to unravel my problem. Maybe that is you! Having a look ahead to peer you.

  38. What i do not realize is in reality how you are now not actually a lot more neatly-favored than you might be right now. You're very intelligent. You already know therefore considerably on the subject of this subject, produced me individually believe it from so many numerous angles. Its like women and men don't seem to be involved except it is one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding. Always maintain it up!

  39. You are my aspiration, I possess few blogs and very sporadically run out from post :). «Never mistake motion for action.» by Ernest Hemingway.

  40. How To Restick Your Cricut Mat — Having a super sticky mat is incredibly important in ensuring that your craft cutting machine cuts accurately and precisely, just where you need it to. And while most of the questions we get regarding cleaning and resticking cutting mats are from Cricut users, our advice can be applied to any machine that requires a cutting mat to work — including Silhouette. We’ve compiled this guide to how to make a Cricut mat sticky again, with tips and tricks for cleaning and resticking.

  41. Greetings from Idaho! I'm bored at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the knowledge you provide here and can't wait to take a look when I get home. I'm amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my phone ... I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G ... Anyhow, wonderful site!

  42. Heya are using WordPress for your site platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  43. Excellent blog you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics talked about here? I'd really love to be a part of online community where I can get suggestions from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Cheers!

  44. I love your blog... very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I'm looking to design my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. thanks

  45. Hello very nice site!! Guy ... Beautiful ... Wonderful ... I'll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally…I'm satisfied to seek out so many useful info here within the publish, we'd like develop extra strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing.

  46. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done a formidable job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  47. Hey there, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog site in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, amazing blog!

  48. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn't appear. Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say fantastic blog!

  49. Hi there this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I'm starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  50. I love your blog... very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I'm looking to create my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. thank you

  51. Today, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 25 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  52. I'm really enjoying the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility problems? A few of my blog audience have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera. Do you have any ideas to help fix this issue?

  53. Woah! I'm really enjoying the template/theme of this blog. It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's difficult to get that «perfect balance» between superb usability and visual appeal. I must say that you've done a very good job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Firefox. Superb Blog!

  54. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My site has a lot of exclusive content I've either written myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my authorization. Do you know any solutions to help reduce content from being ripped off? I'd definitely appreciate it.

  55. Have you ever considered publishing an ebook or guest authoring on other sites? I have a blog based on the same information you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would appreciate your work. If you're even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  56. Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic but I'd figured I'd ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My website goes over a lot of the same topics as yours and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Fantastic blog by the way!

  57. I really like your blog... very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I'm looking to construct my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. many thanks

  58. Thanks a lot for providing individuals with a very spectacular opportunity to read in detail from this blog. It is always very pleasurable and also stuffed with a great time for me and my office acquaintances to search your blog the equivalent of three times weekly to study the newest guides you will have. Not to mention, I'm just at all times happy with the outstanding tactics served by you. Certain 1 areas in this post are honestly the best we have all ever had.

  59. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  60. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all people you really know what you're speaking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also talk over with my website =). We can have a hyperlink exchange arrangement among us!

  61. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a 25 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  62. I haven't checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I'll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  63. Very interesting points you have mentioned , regards for posting . «Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.» by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

  64. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I am very glad to see such excellent info being shared freely out there.

  65. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I'm very glad to see such magnificent info being shared freely out there.

  66. Hello! I could have sworn I've been to this website before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it's new to me. Anyhow, I'm definitely happy I found it and I'll be book-marking and checking back often!

  67. I read through the customer reviews before getting and heed the advising regarding opening up the package. Place it on the package spring season just before cutting available the deal it can be found in and also make use of scisserses certainly not a blade.

  68. Very interesting subject , thanks for putting up. «The maxim of the British people is 'Business as Usual.'» by Sir Winston Leonard Spenser Churchill.

  69. Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  70. Hey there would you mind letting me know which web host you're working with? I've loaded your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a fair price? Kudos, I appreciate it!

  71. Hello I am so glad I found your website, I really found you by accident, while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the awesome job.

  72. Howdy! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  73. Hi there, I found your web site by means of Google at the same time as searching for a similar subject, your website came up, it looks good. I've bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  74. Hola! I've been following your weblog for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the great work!

  75. I¡¦ve been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts in this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this website. Studying this info So i¡¦m happy to convey that I've an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I so much indubitably will make certain to don¡¦t disregard this site and give it a look regularly.

  76. Some really superb info , Glad I observed this. «As long as a word remains unspoken, you are it's master once you utter it, you are it's slave.» by Solomon Ibn Gabirol.

  77. Hi there very cool blog!! Guy ... Beautiful ... Wonderful ... I will bookmark your site and take the feeds also…I'm glad to find a lot of useful info here in the post, we need develop more strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing.

  78. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what all is required to get set up? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web smart so I'm not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

  79. Hey would you mind letting me know which hosting company you're working with? I've loaded your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider at a fair price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!

  80. I haven't checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  81. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this sort of space . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this site. Studying this information So i am satisfied to show that I've a very excellent uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I such a lot indisputably will make certain to don¡¦t put out of your mind this site and give it a glance on a continuing basis.

  82. It's perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I've read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  83. Generally I do not learn article on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, very great article.

  84. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  85. I¡¦ll immediately grab your rss as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you've any? Please allow me understand in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  86. Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

  87. Enjoyed reading this, very good stuff, thankyou . «Whenever you want to marry someone, go have lunch with his ex-wife.» by Francis William Bourdillon.

  88. Excellent blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  89. Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch! «No one can wear a mask for very long.» by Seneca.

  90. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  91. whoah this weblog is wonderful i really like reading your articles. Keep up the good paintings! You understand, many people are searching around for this information, you could help them greatly.

  92. Thank you, I've just been searching for info approximately this subject for a long time and yours is the best I have came upon till now. But, what concerning the bottom line? Are you certain about the source?

  93. Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more from this post. I am very glad to see such wonderful information being shared freely out there.

  94. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I'm very glad to see such excellent information being shared freely out there.

  95. I've been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  96. I got what you intend, appreciate it for posting .Woh I am delighted to find this website through google. «You must pray that the way be long, full of adventures and experiences.» by Constantine Peter Cavafy.

  97. hello!,I really like your writing very so much! proportion we keep up a correspondence extra about your article on AOL? I require an expert in this area to unravel my problem. Maybe that is you! Looking forward to look you.

  98. I in addition to my guys were found to be going through the excellent recommendations found on the website and all of the sudden came up with a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those techniques. Most of the people are actually consequently thrilled to see all of them and have in actuality been taking advantage of these things. I appreciate you for simply being very thoughtful and also for opting for such superb subjects most people are really needing to be informed on. My personal honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  99. It¡¦s actually a nice and useful piece of information. I¡¦m glad that you just shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  100. Good write-up, I am regular visitor of one¡¦s blog, maintain up the excellent operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  101. I am just writing to let you be aware of what a superb encounter my girl encountered using yuor web blog. She noticed lots of things, which included what it's like to have an ideal helping mindset to make other folks very easily grasp chosen tortuous subject matter. You truly surpassed people's desires. I appreciate you for churning out such informative, safe, explanatory and in addition fun guidance on that topic to Mary.

  102. I love your blog... very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz respond as I'm looking to create my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. many thanks

  103. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to take a look. I'm definitely enjoying the information. I'm book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Great blog and excellent style and design.

  104. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing a few months of hard work due to no data backup. Do you have any methods to stop hackers?

  105. I'm truly enjoying the design and layout of your website. It's a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Fantastic work!

  106. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web savvy so I'm not 100% positive. Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thank you

  107. Fantastic blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers? I'm hoping to start my own site soon but I'm a little lost on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I'm completely confused ... Any ideas? Appreciate it!

  108. Hi there I am so excited I found your website, I really found you by accident, while I was searching on Google for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a fantastic post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read through it all at the moment but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the great job.

  109. Hey there I am so thrilled I found your web site, I really found you by mistake, while I was browsing on Digg for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the fantastic job.

  110. Appreciating the time and energy you put into your website and in depth information you provide. It's great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the same out of date rehashed information. Wonderful read! I've saved your site and I'm including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  111. Appreciating the time and effort you put into your website and detailed information you offer. It's nice to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the same out of date rehashed information. Great read! I've saved your site and I'm adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  112. Thank you for any other fantastic post. The place else could anyone get that kind of info in such an ideal approach of writing? I've a presentation subsequent week, and I am on the look for such info.

  113. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and was curious what all is required to get set up? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web savvy so I'm not 100% certain. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thanks

  114. It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd definitely donate to this fantastic blog! I guess for now i'll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

  115. Hey would you mind sharing which blog platform you're using? I'm looking to start my own blog soon but I'm having a hard time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I'm looking for something completely unique. P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  116. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; we have created some nice practices and we are looking to trade methods with other folks, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  117. I'm really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It's a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Exceptional work!

  118. When I originally commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get three emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Many thanks!

  119. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a 25 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  120. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on various websites for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform. I have heard good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  121. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing months of hard work due to no data backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

  122. Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  123. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Chrome. I'm not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I figured I'd post to let you know. The design and style look great though! Hope you get the problem fixed soon. Cheers

  124. My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i'm following you. Look forward to looking over your web page for a second time.

  125. Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, amazing blog!

  126. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything. However think about if you added some great pictures or video clips to give your posts more, «pop»! Your content is excellent but with pics and video clips, this site could undeniably be one of the best in its field. Awesome blog!

  127. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I'll just sum it up what I had written and say, I'm thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I'm still new to the whole thing. Do you have any recommendations for rookie blog writers? I'd certainly appreciate it.

  128. As I site possessor I believe the content material here is rattling magnificent , appreciate it for your efforts. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.

  129. Howdy! I know this is kinda off topic however , I'd figured I'd ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My blog addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

  130. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images on this blog loading? I'm trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it's the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  131. Hi outstanding blog! Does running a blog like this take a lot of work? I've very little expertise in computer programming but I had been hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyhow, should you have any ideas or tips for new blog owners please share. I know this is off topic nevertheless I just wanted to ask. Appreciate it!

  132. Hi there this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I'm starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  133. Hey there! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog. Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I'm not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I'm thinking about making my own but I'm not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions? With thanks

  134. certainly like your website however you have to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth then again I will definitely come again again.

  135. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is excellent, let alone the content!

  136. Somebody essentially assist to make severely posts I would state. That is the very first time I frequented your web page and to this point? I surprised with the analysis you made to create this actual post amazing. Wonderful job!

  137. I'll right away seize your rss as I can not find your email subscription link or newsletter service. Do you have any? Please allow me recognise in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  138. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren't loading correctly. I'm not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I've tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same outcome.

  139. Whats up are using WordPress for your blog platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  140. I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it'll improve the value of my website 🙂

  141. I'm not sure exactly why but this website is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I'll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  142. We absolutely love your blog and find most of your post's to be exactly what I'm looking for. Would you offer guest writers to write content available for you? I wouldn't mind creating a post or elaborating on many of the subjects you write in relation to here. Again, awesome web site!

  143. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get setup? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very internet savvy so I'm not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

  144. F*ckin' awesome things here. I am very glad to look your article. Thank you so much and i am having a look forward to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  145. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the layout of your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  146. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here regularly. I'm quite certain I will learn a lot of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  147. Good – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, web site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  148. I like what you guys are up also. Such intelligent work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site :).

  149. Every person in our family members is actually astonished that a mattress that got there in a roll with the air sucked from it might be such a nice mattress, however this really is.

  150. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more from this post. I am very glad to see such wonderful info being shared freely out there.

  151. I'm really enjoying the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A number of my blog visitors have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome. Do you have any recommendations to help fix this issue?

  152. Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it's driving me crazy so any support is very much appreciated.

  153. Wonderful blog you have here but I was curious if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics discussed here? I'd really like to be a part of group where I can get suggestions from other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Bless you!

  154. Hello excellent website! Does running a blog like this take a lot of work? I have virtually no understanding of computer programming however I was hoping to start my own blog in the near future. Anyhow, if you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off subject however I just had to ask. Thanks!

  155. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the layout of your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?

  156. Good day! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics? Thanks a lot!

  157. Hi! This post couldn't be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this page to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  158. First of all I would like to say great blog! I had a quick question in which I'd like to ask if you do not mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your head prior to writing. I've had trouble clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually lost simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or tips? Thanks!

  159. You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The sector hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. All the time follow your heart.

  160. Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it's driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.

  161. Howdy would you mind letting me know which hosting company you're utilizing? I've loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a fair price? Kudos, I appreciate it!

  162. Do you have a spam problem on this site; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; we have created some nice methods and we are looking to trade methods with other folks, be sure to shoot me an email if interested.

ОСТАВЬТЕ ОТВЕТ